What Is the NFL Post-June 1 Designation?

    The NFL's post-June 1 designation is often a source of intrigue heading into a new league year, but what is it, why does it exist, and how does it work?

    The machinations of the NFL salary cap are often confusing, and the rules around post-June 1 rules can seem even more complicated. Let’s take a closer look at the NFL’s post-June 1 regulations, what the post-June 1 designation means, and how it affects teams and players.

    NFL Post-June 1 Cut

    Let’s start with a straightforward NFL release that occurs at the beginning of the new league year in March. If a team cuts a player at any point before June 1, all of his future guarantees and his remaining prorated signing bonus will immediately “accelerate” onto the clubs’ salary cap.

    The team is forced to account for all of those charges at once, and the cap space being allocated toward a player no longer on the roster is referred to as “dead money.”

    However, the NFL’s post-June 1 rule states that any player released or traded after June 1 will have his dead money spread over two seasons instead of only the current campaign.

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    For example, let’s say a player has three years remaining on his contract with prorated signing bonus money of $4 million each season. Were he to be released or traded before June 1, his team would take on $12 million in dead money in 2023: three seasons at $4 million per.

    But if the club waited until June 2 to trade or release that player, the post-June 1 rules would come into play. The team would still incur the player’s $4 million dead money charge for 2023, but the remaining $8 million would be pushed to the 2024 salary cap.

    NFL Post-June 1 Designation

    Still, teams don’t always want to wait until June 2 to release a player because he could have roster bonuses or other guarantees that could kick in during the interim. Meanwhile, players don’t want to be held on a roster all spring only to be cut in June when most clubs have already used the majority of their cap space.

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    To fix those problems, NFL teams can use a post-June 1 designation when releasing a player. The player will immediately hit the open market, while the team can still realize the benefits of a post-June 1 cut without having to actually wait to release the player. Clubs can use the post-June 1 designation on two players each season.

    However, there is one significant drawback to the post-June 1 designation: Teams have to carry the player’s full cap charge for the current season until June, even though he is no longer on the roster.

    Because the club doesn’t get to realize the additional cap space until June 2, post-June 1 designations aren’t helpful in creating immediate cap room for teams who want to sign free agents in March. However, the designations can help clubs that project to be tight on cap space even later in the summer when it’s time to sign rookie classes.

    One last important note: There is no post-June 1 designation for trades. A team can wait until after June 1 to process a trade and will see the same cap benefits we outlined, but they cannot trade a player in April and designate the deal as a post-June 1 trade.

    Dallas Robinson is an NFL analyst for Pro Football Network. You can read all of Dallas’ work here and follow him on Twitter: @dallasdrobinson.

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